The societies of Brazil and Turkey are among the Whatsapp Mobile Number List most unequal in the world: in 2018, Brazil presented a Gini index of 53.9, while Turkey's was 41.91. Both are middle-income developing economies, facing challenging socioeconomic problems and internal regional disparities (see Box 1). In recent times, they have had to face global financial crises and declining economic growth rates: according to the World Bank, Brazil presented negative Whatsapp Mobile Number List economic growth rates in 2015 (-3.5%) and 2016 (- 3.3%), and low rates since 2017 (1.3% in 2017 and 2018, 1.1% in 2019).
In Turkey, growth rates fell from. Both country's Whatsapp Mobile Number List face internal corruption issues: According to the latest available report from Transparency International, Brazil ranked 106th (out of 198 countries) and scored 35/100 in 2018, two. Empires of yesteryear, both countries occupy huge territories of great geopolitical magnitude. Turkey Whatsapp Mobile Number List between East and West, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO ) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ( OECD ), and its national territory is crossed by oil and gas pipelines.
Brazil is a continental mass that covers half of the Whatsapp Mobile Number List territory of South America. Owner of the second-largest crude oil reserve in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2019, it is a mega-diverse country from the environmental point of view, located under the hegemonic orbit of the usu within what the State Department has called the "Western Hemisphere." It is a key country in the Americas that, especially during the "pink tide" in South America, has Whatsapp Mobile Number List exhibited a foreign policy anchored in a political ambition of regional and global autonomy in competition with Washington.